Dental Tips Blog

Sep
10

The Causes and Treatment of Gum Recession

Posted in Periodontics

Gum recession is an unsightly and uncomfortable condition that can pop up from a number of causes. Some of the most common ones include:

  • Aggressive brushing or flossing–rough motions over the gums will irritate and shrink them.
  • Grinding or clenching your teeth–increased pressure on the teeth will strain the surrounding ligaments and gums.
  • Crooked teeth–teeth which are out of proper alignment will experience an unequal distribution of the bite force, stressing the surrounding gum tissue.
  • Tobacco use–tobacco products alter the mouth’s chemical elements. Plaque becomes even more destructive to the gums.
  • Braces/oral piercings–metal in the mouth can rub against gums and harbor bacteria, causing irritation and recession.
  • Periodontal disease–gum disease causes gum inflammation and reduction in tooth-supporting structures.
  • Aged fillings and crowns–old restorations shift over time, providing ledges and cracks which irritate the gums and harbor bacteria.
  • Poor oral hygiene–the buildup of dental plaque and tartar provide bacteria that irritate and inflame the gums. Without regular dental cleanings and a routine of brushing and flossing, such buildup will cause the gums to pull away from the teeth.

What Can Be Done to Reverse the Effects of Recession?

Since gum recession leads to increased tooth sensitivity and a greater risk of cavities, you likely do not want to waste any time in addressing it. If gum disease is at the heart of the issue, then having that treated is the first step. In some advanced cases, a specialist can surgically alter the gum tissue and/or bone levels to rebuild the support that has been lost.

In some cases of advanced recession, gum grafting can be done to protect those sensitive spots. Gum tissue is carefully selected from a healthy site in the mouth and positioned over exposed teeth.

Ask your dentist at your next appointment how he can help you determine the cause of and appropriate treatment for your gum recession.

Posted on behalf of:
Crabapple Dental
12670 Crabapple Rd #110
Alpharetta, GA 30004
(678) 319-0123

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