Dental Tips Blog


3 Reasons Why Your Gums Bleed

Posted in Gum Disease

Are you perhaps a little alarmed at the sight of blood on your toothbrush, dental floss, or on gauze at dental cleanings? Bleeding gums is certainly not a matter to ignore. Let me share with you a just a few of the major culprits of bleeding gums.

1.- Hormones

High levels of certain hormones can cause the gums to have an exaggerated response to bacteria in the mouth. For example, progesterone is a hormone that runs high in women during pregnancy. This hormone dilates microscopic blood vessels in gum tissue, making them more sensitive to bacterial toxins. Gums are often more sensitive during pregnancy and bleed with very little provocation.

2.- Medications

There are many blood-thinning drugs (including warfarin, aspirin, and ibuprofen) which lead to an increased likelihood of bleeding from the gums. Trauma to the gums can result in bleeding that is heavier than usual. It is very important to use gentle oral hygiene techniques and to communicate with your primary care physician about the side-effects of medications.

3.- Gum Disease

Bleeding gums is a trademark of any stage of gum disease. Bacteria found in dental plaque, when not frequently removed, will irritate the gum tissue, eliciting an immune response. This immune response includes the dilation of blood vessels in the gum tissue, making the gums prone to bleeding.

Your dentist will want to help you maintain the highest standard of oral health care possible. If you are experiencing bleeding from the gums while brushing or flossing, be sure to discuss it at your next dental appointment so that any potential causes can be identified and addressed.

Posted on behalf of:
Gilreath Dental Associates
200 White St NW
Marietta, GA 30060
(770) 514-1224

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