Dental Tips Blog


Types of Bone Grafting Used in Oral Surgery

Posted in Oral Surgery

Bone grafting is used to rebuild sections of the mouth that were lost to injury, disease, or even a birth defect. Without a solid foundation of bone, the jaw can’t close properly, and teeth won’t stay in place.

There are different kinds of bone grafts typically used in oral surgery.


Allografts are bone tissues donated by another person, made available upon their passing. These grafts are sterilized and thoroughly screened before placed in a new person, but they are not living bone cells. An allograft simply provides the framework for new cells of your own to grow on.


An autograft is a section of tissue taken from your own body. When it comes to a bone graft, the sample is usually collected from bone somewhere on your chin or hip in a separate surgery. Autografts are very common and extremely successful. They contain live tissue which makes healing and new bone growth happen the fastest, because it’s so well accepted by your body.


Xenografts, or xenogenic bone, are taken from the nonliving bodies of animals, most often cow bone. These grafts work similarly to those taken from a human cadaver – they only supply structure, not new bone.

Which Bone Graft for You?

The kind of graft you receive will depend on a few factors:

  • How easy it is to obtain the graft material
  • How much time you can invest in the procedure
  • Whether or not you can handle additional surgeries to harvest a graft

Your dentist or oral surgeon will discuss your options with you.

Are you missing a tooth or have severe gum recession?

A bone graft may be right for you. Contact your local oral surgeon, periodontist, or dentist for more information.

Posted on behalf of :
Prime Dental Care
417 Wall St
Princeton, NJ 08540
(609) 651-8618

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