In some cases of dental procedures, dentists will need to increase the amount of bone in a patient’s jaw. In other cases people have lost bone mass due to periodontitis and are in need of bone grafting surgery in order to keep their teeth in place and healthy. A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment on periodontal disease. If a dental bone graft is needed, patients will need to be treated by a periodontist for specialized treatment.
Certain surgical procedures such as wisdom teeth extraction and dental implants may require dental bone grafting before or during the procedure. For wisdom teeth, a bone graft is done at the time of the tooth extraction. Because an empty socket begins to rapidly melt away, this bone grafting procedure helps to preserve bone volume and oral architecture. If a person has missing teeth is in very important that the gap is filled with something, usually a dental implant or bridge. Once a permanent tooth is out the bone doesn’t have anything to support anymore. Just like an empty socket, the bone will begin to erode and create a hollow divit in the jaw bone. If a dentist tries to place a dental implant into a spot where there is a low level of natural bone, the tooth will look funny and have a high probability of falling out. Bone grafting is used in this situation to build up the bone area so that a dental implant can be securely placed.
Dental bone grafts are also used to recreate bone and supporting tissue that has been lost due to periodontal disease. These bone grafts give natural bone something to attach to and regrow bone, which will help to stabilize the teeth. Periodontists today use a new technology called tissue engineering to encourage patients’ bodies to regenerate bone.
There are different options available for those who need to have dental bone grafting. Your periodontist will walk you through the treatment plans and help decide which is right for you.
Posted on behalf of Dr. Virginia Kirkland, North Point Periodontics
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