Crown lengthening is an effective surgical method that is used to help patients with gum disease manage their condition more effectively. The treatment process involves the removal of diseased tissue surrounding the teeth, tissue that is unattached and causes a deep pocket around the tooth that builds up plaque, tartar and food debris. These areas are difficult if not impossible to keep clean, and frequently progress into more severe forms of gum disease due to the patient’s inability to keep the area healthy.
During the procedure, the excess gum tissue is surgically trimmed or recontoured using a laser, completely changing the margin of the gumlines along the teeth. By doing so this creates a shallower pocket around the teeth, which patients are able to keep clean. When the area is kept free of biofilm and food deposits, the disease process can be reversed and the life and stability of the tooth can be restored.
The process of crown lengthening does cause the teeth to appear longer, with a portion of the tooth root then being exposed. These areas are susceptible to sensitivity, but the use of sensitivity toothpastes or supplemental fluoride can manage the condition. Once the disease is reversed and manageable, it may be an option to perform gum grafting to cover any areas of concern.
Crown lengthening is primarily used for the treatment of gum disease, but it can also be a useful part of treating teeth in need of restorations such as crowns when there is not enough tooth above the gum line present to support a crown. Lengthening the exposed amount of tooth above the gums leaves enough tooth structure to support a functional crown on the tooth.
Posted on the behalf of North Point Periodontics
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