Bleeding gums can occur during brushing, flossing, or even randomly throughout the day. It can be confusing if your dentist or hygienist tells you to brush or floss them even more, because that just seems to make the bleeding worse. When gums are swollen and sore, cleaning them is uncomfortable to do and may seem impossible because of how much it hurts.
Gums will usually only bleed if some type of gingivitis, gum disease or systemic health condition exists. For instance, people with anemia will usually have bleeding gums in some areas of their mouth when they floss, even if they generally pay close attention to their oral health. Iron supplements, cooking with a cast iron skillet, a diet rich in green leafy vegetables and an appropriate amount of red meat can help the anemia.
The majority of the time, gums will only bleed when plaque biofilm or tartar deposits exist under the gumlines. This bacteria causes an immune response by the body in an attempt to destroy the area of infection. As a result, chronic bleeding, swelling and painful gums develop until the bacteria is removed. Brushing along the gumlines, cleaning between the teeth and under the gums on a daily basis are the only way to remove loose bacteria and help reverse the bleeding. It can take several days or weeks for symptoms to diminish.
When bacteria is calcified, even dedicated oral hygiene will not improve the condition. This leads to bone loss, periodontal disease (gum disease) and potentially tooth loss. Routine professional cleanings and deep cleanings are the only way to remove these deep, hardened bacteria and get you on the road to recovery. See your Alpharetta periodontist or dentist if you have chronic bleeding or sensitive gums.
Posted on behalf of North Point Periodontics
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