Gum disease is an inclusive term that can include anything from minor gingivitis to more advanced forms of periodontal disease. Any inflammation, redness, bleeding or other symptoms around the gums of your teeth are warning signs of gum disease. Teeth that are healthy do not have these symptoms, and the gums will not bleed during typical oral hygiene practices.
Symptoms of gum disease typically due to areas in your mouth that do not receive adequate preventive care. If you have crowded teeth, or hard to reach areas, plaque biofilm is more likely to form and deposit in the area. As the body’s immune system attacks this infection, the antibodies cause inflammation, redness, bleeding and swelling along the gumlines. If left untreated, minor gingivitis can develop into a condition that causes the gums to detach from the teeth and bone to be destroyed.
Dentists and hygienists are most concerned about gum disease because it can result in the loss of their patient’s teeth when left untreated. Routine preventive care appointments are a good way to help reduce your risk of gum disease, because it allows your hygienist time to removed calcified deposits that cannot be removed at home. These deposits often harbor gum disease bacteria that contribute to bone loss.
While professional care is important, the most significant way to prevent gum disease is through dedicated home care. Thoroughly removing plaque along all gumlines, between each tooth, and under the gums is necessary to treat and prevent gum disease. Talk with your dental hygienist about what areas you have difficulty with so that she can help you find methods to make caring for them easier and more effective.
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