Dental Tips Blog


Tori, Exostosis, and Extra Bone Formation in the Mouth

Posted in Dentures

A fairly common occurrence in the mouth is the existence of extra bone development along the outside or inside of the jawline near the teeth, or in the roof of the mouth. Referred to as exostosis, tori or a torus, these bony growths in the mouth are typically bumpy with a round appearance. Size and shape varies from person to person as well as throughout the mouth. They typically do not appear symmetrical throughout the mouth, and may have several raised circular areas next to one another, or appear as a bony ridge.

They feel very hard to the touch and are the same color as the gum tissue. No one gender or age range is more predisposed to developing exostosis or tori. It is believed that these bone formations are developmental, but they typically are not present until a person reaches adulthood. Some dentists also believed that trauma, chronic irritation, or stress in the area of the bony development may be what causes the growth. Growth may continue on a slow course throughout life. They may also grow back in some cases after being surgically removed.

Tori and Exostosis typically do not interfere with a person’s oral health unless that person needs dentures, or the growths are so large that they become irritated easily. Severe growths may interfere with eating and oral hygiene. If a patient loses their teeth and is in need of a full denture, then surgical removal of the bony growths will need to be performed prior to making the denture. Doing so allows proper seal and minimized irritation when wearing the new appliance.

Posted on behalf of Kennesaw Mountain Dental Associates



New Denture Basics

Posted in Dentures

If you are missing some or all of your teeth, you are in good company.  About two thirds of Americans are missing at least one tooth and ten percent are missing all of their teeth.  Among older Americans, the numbers increase drastically with 20 percent of Americans over age 65 missing all of their teeth and over 40 percent over the age of 75 have lost all of their natural teeth.

One of the most common tooth replacement alternatives are full or partial dentures.  Dentures are removable prosthetic teeth that replace missing teeth.  They are popular due to the relatively low cost compared to other alternatives such as dental implants.  Dentures are relatively durable and are made using replacement teeth attached to a resin or acrylic material.

Partial dentures are held in place by anchoring them to adjacent healthy teeth using wire clips.  Full upper dentures are held in place by suction, lower dentures by a combination of gravity, suction, and the patient’s tongue.  Some denture wearers also use an adhesive or fixative to help hold the denture in place.  Dentures are removed nightly for cleaning.

Problems with dentures include loose or slipping dentures and irritation or discomfort.  Because they tend to slip, dentures can affect the way the wearer eats or speaks and they are not as natural looking as implants or other tooth replacement alternatives.  Seeing your dentist and having your dentures adjusted can often minimize these problems.

Fitting dentures takes four to six weeks.  The process starts by taking impressions of the patient’s mouth and gums which are used to create a wax model or pattern in the shape of the denture.  The patient tries the wax model and it is sent back to the lab for adjustments as needed.  This process is repeated until a good fit is obtained and the model is used to create the final denture.

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