Gum disease can occur in anyone at any time, but is most frequently caused by an excessive amount of plaque that is not removed on a regular basis from your teeth. Gum disease is basically an infection of the gum line and tissue that surrounds your teeth. In extreme cases, jaw bone may also be involved.
Gum disease is almost always painless unless the root or nerve ending of the tooth is involved. Unfortunately, gum disease is also the number one reason someone may suffer tooth loss. This article will talk about some of the warning signs of gum disease, and what to do if you have these symptoms. Another name for gum disease is periodontal disease.
Plaque is a sticky bacteria that grows in your mouth. This bacteria will stick to the teeth, gums and tongue. Eventually plaque will cause the gum line to move downward. This downward movement is called gum recession. When the gum line begins to recede, plaque can attack the teeth, the tooth roots and the nerve endings causing damage to the tooth and tooth structure.
Some warning signs that you may have periodontal disease are gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss, pain at the gum line, or gums that are red and swollen. Gums that have noticeably receded or pulled away are also a warning sign, and so is bad breath that does not respond to good tooth brushing and oral care. Other causes for concern include a feeling that your teeth don’t ‘fit’ right when you bit, or that you have teeth that are ‘loose’ as an adult.
If you are experiencing any of the above signs or symptoms, contact your dentist immediately for an appointment to help save your teeth.
To help prevent permanent tooth and gum damage, you should have your teeth cleaned regularly by a dental hygienist and examined at least twice a year by a dentist. If you have not seen your dentist in the last six months, make an appointment today to make sure you do not have the beginning stages of gum disease.
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