Dental Tips Blog


Enamel Demineralization

Demineralized tooth enamel. You might have heard the term used before, but do you really know what it is? It’s actually the very earliest of stages of cavities in the teeth. The areas appear as white lesions or spots scattered about on the teeth, sometimes easily spotted on the front teeth or on patients that have recently had braces removed. These white lesions aren’t just whiter spots of tooth enamel; they are actually weakened sections of the teeth that are beginning to decompose just before turning into a full-blown cavity.

An obvious cavity usually appears as a black or brown spot on the tooth, but all cavities start out as demineralized enamel. Thankfully, if you identify these areas early on, you can use preventive techniques to help restore the health of the enamel and remineralize the weakened area of the tooth. Some of the ways this is done is by using a prescription strength fluoride or calcium phosphate paste to buffer the pH as well as restore minerals directly back into the surface of the porous enamel. As the enamel begins to be restored to it’s natural mineral levels, the enamel’s frosty white appearance will slowly fade away, leaving the tooth in a uniform coloration that can repel acids and isn’t actively decaying.

One of the most important ways you can help prevent enamel demineralization is to have excellent oral hygiene each day, and see your dentist for routine dental checkups and cleanings. When plaque and tartar sits on the teeth for an extended period of time, even if in very small amounts, it begins to damage the tooth. Removing every particle of bacteria by brushing close to the gumlines and flossing on a routine basis can help prevent enamel demineralization from occurring.

Posted on behalf of Springfield Lorton Dental Group

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