Gingivitis Bumps on Gum: Causes and Treatment Options

Published on: November 11, 2023
A concerned man with a toothbrush touching his gum as he feels a lump on in.

Gingivitis, a common and mild form of gum disease, is often characterized by red, swollen gums that can bleed easily, especially when brushing or flossing. However, some individuals with gingivitis may notice a bump on gum above a tooth, known as gingivitis bumps on gum tissue.

Gingivitis bumps on the gums can be a cause for concern, but understanding the possible causes and available treatment options can help individuals address this issue effectively.

Causes of Gingivitis Bumps on the Gums

If you notice a bump on gum above tooth on the upper arch or below the tooth on the bottom arch, it may be a sign of gingivitis. Gingivitis is an infection of the gum tissue which can lead to periodontitis and other health issues. The following are possible causes of gum infections and gingivitis bumps on gums:

  • Gingival Swelling: Gingivitis often leads to gum swelling, which can manifest as bumps or lumps along the gumline. The swollen gums can create the appearance of small, rounded growths on the surface.
  • Papillae Enlargement: In some cases, the interdental papillae, which are the triangular areas of gum tissue between the teeth, can become enlarged due to gingivitis. This enlargement may present as bumps or lumps along the gumline.
  • Pimple-like Lesions: Gingivitis can sometimes lead to small, pimple-like lesions on the gums. These are typically inflamed areas where bacteria have caused localized infections or abscesses.
  • Ulcerations: Gingivitis can cause gum tissue to become more susceptible to injury and ulcerations. These ulcerations can appear as small, painful bumps or sores on the gums.
  • Plaque and Tartar Buildup: Gingivitis is primarily caused by the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on the teeth and gums. Over time, plaque can harden into tartar, which can irritate the gums and create bumps or lumps.
  • Improper Flossing or Brushing: Aggressive flossing or brushing can lead to gum irritation, especially when individuals with gingivitis attempt to remove plaque and tartar buildup on their own. This irritation can result in the formation of bumps or lumps on the gums.

The inflammation caused by gingivitis in the gum tissue is the main cause of bumps and other symptoms of gum infections. The good news is that there are gingivitis treatments that can stop or even reverse many of the symptoms of gingivitis.

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Treatment Options for Gingivitis Bumps on the Gums

The primary treatment for gingivitis and associated bumps on the gums is to improve oral hygiene. This includes regular and thorough brushing with a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Flossing at least once a day is also crucial. Beyond daily oral care, here are some other gingivitis treatments:

  • Professional Dental Cleaning: Dentists or dental hygienists can perform professional dental cleanings to remove plaque and tartar buildup that may be contributing to gum irritation. These cleanings are typically recommended every six months as part of routine dental care.
  • Prescription Mouthwash: In some cases, dentists may prescribe antimicrobial or antiseptic mouthwashes to help reduce gum inflammation and bacterial growth. These mouthwashes can be a useful addition to an individual’s oral care routine.
  • Topical Medications: Dentists may recommend or prescribe topical oral gels or ointments to soothe gum discomfort and promote the healing of ulcerations or sores.
  • Dietary Modifications: Reducing sugary and acidic foods and beverages in the diet can help prevent further gum irritation and reduce the likelihood of developing bumps.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Avoiding tobacco products and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and stress management, can promote overall gum health.
  • Regular Dental Check-ups: Individuals with gingivitis should schedule regular dental check-ups to monitor their oral health and receive professional guidance on gum care.
  • Oral Irrigators: Oral irrigators, or water flossers, can be used to supplement traditional flossing and may help reduce plaque and debris along the gum line and in the pockets that begin to form around the teeth with gum disease.
  • Orthodontic Evaluation: If malocclusion or misaligned teeth are contributing to gum irritation and bumps, an orthodontic evaluation may be recommended to address the issue.

It is important to note that if gingivitis is left untreated or if it progresses to a more severe form of gum disease, known as periodontitis, the condition can lead to more significant oral health issues, including tooth loss. Addressing gingivitis promptly is essential for maintaining oral health.

Gingivitis bumps on the gums are a common manifestation of gum disease, often resulting from the accumulation of plaque and tartar, improper oral hygiene practices, or other factors. While these bumps may be concerning, they are manageable with proper oral hygiene and professional dental care.
A happy dental patient woman after a dental checkup showing her nice teeth in a smile.
Early detection and treatment of gingivitis are crucial in preventing the progression to more severe forms of gum disease and maintaining good oral health. Individuals experiencing persistent or severe gum symptoms like gingivitis bumps on gum should seek advice from a dental professional.

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